Margaret Atwood

Margaret Atwood

Margaret Atwood Margaret Atwood[1†]

Margaret Eleanor Atwood, born in 1939 in Ottawa, Canada, is a prolific Canadian writer known for her diverse literary contributions. With over 18 novels, 18 books of poetry, and various non-fiction works, Atwood explores themes like feminism, language, and climate change. Her fascination with myths and fairy tales is evident in her poetry. She co-founded the Griffin Poetry Prize and the Writers’ Trust of Canada. Notable works include "The Handmaid’s Tale" and "Alias Grace". Atwood’s impact extends to film and TV adaptations. She remains a prominent figure in literature and activism[1†][2†]..

Early Years and Education

Margaret Eleanor Atwood was born in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, in 1939[2†][3†][4†][5†]. She is the daughter of a forest entomologist, and spent part of her early years in the bush of North Quebec[2†][4†]. At age six, she was writing morality plays, poems, comic books, and had started a novel[2†][3†]. Her writing was one of the many things she enjoyed in her “bush” time, away from school[2†][3†].

Atwood moved with her family to Sault Ste. Marie, Canada, in 1945 and to Toronto, Canada, in 1946[2†][3†]. Until she was eleven, she spent half of each year in the northern Ontario wilderness, where her father conducted research[2†][3†]. Her favorite writer as a teen was Edgar Allan Poe, who was famous for his dark mystery stories[2†][3†].

Atwood was sixteen years old when she made her commitment to pursue writing as a lifetime career[2†][3†]. She studied at Victoria College, University of Toronto, where she received a bachelor’s degree in 1961[2†][3†][5†]. Then she went on to complete her master’s degree at Radcliffe College in Cambridge, Massachusetts, in 1962[2†][3†][5†]. Atwood also studied at Harvard University in Cambridge, Massachusetts, from 1962 to 1963 and from 1965 to 1967[2†][3†].

Career Development and Achievements

Margaret Atwood’s career as a writer began in earnest when she was just 16 years old[2†][6†]. After completing her master’s degree in English literature from Radcliffe College, Cambridge, Massachusetts, in 1962[2†][1†][2†][6†], she held various academic positions. She was a lecturer in English at the University of British Columbia, Vancouver (1964-65), an instructor in English at Sir George Williams University, Montreal (1967-68), and at the University of Alberta (1969-70). She also served as an assistant professor of English at York University, Toronto (1971-72)[2†][5†].

Atwood’s early poetry collections, including “Double Persephone” (1961), “The Circle Game” (1964, revised in 1966), and “The Animals in That Country” (1968), ponder human behavior, celebrate the natural world, and condemn materialism[2†]. Her first novel, “The Edible Woman” (1969), was written during her time at a marketing research firm[2†][7†].

Atwood has since published numerous works across various genres. Her notable works include “The Handmaid’s Tale” (1985), “Alias Grace” (1996), “The Blind Assassin” (2000), “Oryx and Crake” (2003), and “The Testaments” (2019)[2†][1†][2†]. Her works often explore themes such as gender and identity, religion and myth, the power of language, climate change, and "power politics"[2†][1†].

Atwood’s contributions to literature have been recognized with numerous awards and honors. She has won two Booker Prizes, the Arthur C. Clarke Award, the Governor General’s Award, the Franz Kafka Prize, Princess of Asturias Awards, and the National Book Critics and PEN Center USA Lifetime Achievement Awards[2†][1†][2†]. Several of her works have also been adapted for film and television[2†][1†][2†].

First Publication of Her Main Works

Margaret Atwood’s literary journey began with poetry. Her first publication was a book of poetry titled “The Circle Game” in 1961[8†], which received the Governor General’s Literary Award for Poetry in Canada[8†][4†]. This was followed by several more poetry collections, including “Interlunar” (1988), “Morning in the Burned House” (1995), and “Eating Fire: Selected Poetry, 1965-1995” (1998)[8†][4†].

In 1969, Atwood published her first novel, "The Edible Woman"[8†][9†]. The novel explores themes of women’s alienation, a recurring motif in Atwood’s works[8†][9†]. This was followed by “Surfacing” in 1972[8†][1†], a novel that delves into the protagonist’s self-discovery and confrontation with the wilderness[8†][1†].

Atwood’s notable works include:

Atwood’s works have been celebrated for their thematic depth, stylistic eloquence, and exploration of complex issues through memorable characters and compelling narratives[8†][1†][2†].

Analysis and Evaluation

Margaret Atwood’s works have been the subject of extensive analysis and evaluation[10†][11†]. Her unique blend of storytelling, character development, and thematic exploration has made her one of the most influential writers of her generation[10†][11†].

Atwood’s writing style is characterized by her ability to weave complex narratives that often explore themes of identity, gender, and power[10†]. Her use of speculative fiction allows her to create dystopian worlds that serve as a critique of contemporary society[10†]. This is particularly evident in her novel “The Handmaid’s Tale”, where she explores a totalitarian society that subjugates women[10†].

Her poetry also offers a rich field for analysis. Atwood’s poems often draw from myth and fairy tales, reflecting her early interest in these areas[10†][12†]. Her collections “Interlunar” (1984) and “Morning in the Burned House” (1995) are notable for their exploration of female spirituality[10†][13†].

Critics have noted Atwood’s skillful use of language and literary devices[10†]. Her works are known for their lyrical quality and profound thematic depth[10†]. Atwood’s ability to engage with complex issues through compelling narratives and memorable characters has earned her a place in the canon of contemporary literature[10†][11†].

Atwood’s works have not only been influential in literary circles but have also had a significant impact on popular culture[10†][11†]. Several of her works, including “The Handmaid’s Tale” and “Alias Grace”, have been adapted for television, further extending her influence[10†][11†].

In conclusion, Margaret Atwood’s works have been critically acclaimed for their thematic depth, stylistic eloquence, and innovative narrative structures[10†][11†]. Her contributions to literature and her exploration of complex social issues have established her as a significant figure in contemporary literature[10†][11†].

Personal Life

Margaret Atwood was born in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, in 1939[3†][1†][14†]. She moved with her family to Sault Ste. Marie, Canada, in 1945 and to Toronto, Canada, in 1946[3†][1†]. Until she was eleven, she spent half of each year in the northern Ontario wilderness, where her father worked as an entomologist[3†][1†]. This exposure to the natural world from a young age had a profound influence on her writing[3†][1†].

Atwood was married to Jim Polk from 1968 to 1973[3†][15†]. After her divorce, she met and fell in love with Graeme Gibson[3†][15†]. They remained partners until Gibson’s death in 2019[3†][1†]. Together, they had one child[3†][1†].

Atwood is also known for her commitment to positive change in our way of life[3†]. She is a major public figure and cultural commentator[3†]. Her favorite writer as a teen was Edgar Allan Poe, who was famous for his dark mystery stories[3†].

Atwood is a founder of the Griffin Poetry Prize and the Writers’ Trust of Canada[3†][1†]. She is also a Senior Fellow of Massey College, Toronto[3†][1†]. She is the inventor of the LongPen device and associated technologies that facilitate remote robotic writing of documents[3†][1†].

Conclusion and Legacy

Margaret Atwood’s legacy is vast and enduring. She is a contemporary writer who has made her way effortlessly onto many academic syllabuses, her exemplary work being the source of both inspiration and analytic thought for budding writers and literature students[16†]. Her fluency and readability make her one of the most respected writers of her generation[16†].

Atwood’s works, particularly “The Handmaid’s Tale”, have had a profound impact on literature and society[16†][17†]. This acclaimed dystopian novel, published in 1985, posits a Christian fundamentalist theocratic regime in the former United States that arose as a response to a fertility crisis[16†][17†]. It has been adapted into an award-winning TV series[16†][1†], further expanding its influence.

Beyond her writing, Atwood’s commitment to positive change in our way of life, her environmental activism, and her invention of the LongPen device and associated technologies that facilitate remote robotic writing of documents have also contributed to her legacy[16†][1†][5†].

Atwood’s influence extends beyond literature to encompass broader cultural and societal issues. Her works often explore themes such as gender and identity, religion and myth, the power of language, climate change, and "power politics"[16†][1†]. These themes resonate with readers and have sparked important conversations about these issues.

In conclusion, Margaret Atwood’s legacy is characterized by her prolific and diverse body of work, her insightful exploration of societal issues, and her contributions to literature and society. Her work continues to inspire and challenge readers, and her influence will undoubtedly continue to be felt for generations to come[16†].

Key Information

References and Citations:

  1. Wikipedia (English) - Margaret Atwood [website] - link
  2. Britannica - Margaret Atwood: Canadian author [website] - link
  3. Encyclopedia of World Biography - Margaret Atwood Biography [website] - link
  4. British Council - Literature - Margaret Atwood [website] - link
  5. Margaret Atwood - Biography [website] - link
  6. Wander Women Project - Margaret Atwood, 1939 [website] - link
  7. eNotes - Margaret Atwood Biography [website] - link
  8. Poetry Foundation - Margaret Atwood [website] - link
  9. The Canadian Encyclopedia - Margaret Atwood [website] - link
  10. SparkNotes - Margaret Atwood’s Poetry: Study Guide [website] - link
  11. eNotes - Margaret Atwood Analysis [website] - link
  12. Oxford Academic - Contemporary Women's Writing - Margaret Atwood’s Reception in Canada and the United States: A Comparative Analysis of North American Reviews of The Blind Assassin [website] - link
  14. Poem Analysis - The Dystopian World of Margaret Atwood [website] - link
  15. ThoughtCo - Biography of Margaret Atwood, Canadian Poet and Writer [website] - link
  16. The Student newspaper - Margaret Atwood: the legacy that will live long past her own lifetime [website] - link
  17. Britannica - The Handmaid’s Tale: novel by Atwood [website] - link
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